Hyde, J. A. House

25 Cedar St

1845

Architectural Style

Greek Revival, Stick Style

Significance

Architecture

Use Type

Single Family Dwelling House

Neighborhood

Bridgewater Town Center

Massachusetts Historical Commission Report

Architectural Significance

This house is of interest as a c. 1845 Greek Revival Cottage which was enlarged c. 1880 with a 2-story northeast addition. The Greek Revival segment features a recessed entrance porch with fluted Tuscan columns. The columns support a flushboard entablature and broad gable—the original northeast roof slope was altered to accommodate a 2-story brick style addition which features narrow, double, fully enframed, and cornice headed windows on floors 1 and 2. Particularly noteworthy is the jerkinhead gable with its punched and cut barge boards.

Historical Significance

This house represents an interesting marriage of vernacular architectural styles derived from classical revival and picturesque modes. The Greek Revival segment was built c. 1845 for Joseph A.Hyde a partner in the Bates and Hyde gin works. Mr. Hyde was the first president of the Bridgewater Savings Bank (1872) and was a generous patron of the New Jerusalem Church—donating the property for this church (Bedford and School Sts.) in 1869. This may be the house that was located on the block bounded by School, Maple, Grove and Cedar Sts. (now occupied by Bridgewater State College). This house appears on its present site on the 1887 Birdseye view map of Bridgewater. By the early 1900s this house was owned by C. H. Pickering, a conductor on the N.H.R.R. (New Haven R.R.?)